Anandamath, or The Sacred Brotherhood by Bankimcandra Chatterji, Julius J. Lipner

By Bankimcandra Chatterji, Julius J. Lipner

Winner of the A.K. Ramanujan Prize for Annotated Translation

This is a translation of a traditionally vital Bengali novel. released in 1882, Chatterji's Anandamath helped create the ambience and the symbolism for the nationalist stream resulting in Indian independence in 1947. It comprises the recognized hymn Vande Mataram ("I revere the Mother"), which has develop into India's legitimate nationwide track. Set in Bengal on the time of the famine of 1770, the radical displays tensions and oppositions inside Indian tradition among Hindus and Muslims, ruler and governed, indigenous humans and international overlords, jungle and city, Aryan and non-Aryan, celibacy and sexuality. it's either a political and a spiritual paintings. through recreating the previous of Bengal, Chatterji was hoping to create a brand new current that concerned a brand new interpretation of the previous. Julius Lipner not just presents the 1st entire and passable English translation of this crucial paintings, yet provides an in depth advent contextualizing the unconventional and its cultural and political heritage. additionally incorporated are notes providing the Bengali or Sanskrit phrases for definite phrases, in addition to explanatory notes for the really expert lay reader or scholar.

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There could be no doubt, of course, that Bankim was fluent in English. He could not be adjudged successful in his job in the civil service by his political masters, which he was, unless this were so. He received several indications of functional approval in this regard. Further, his polemical English style was perfectly adequate for his purposes. He could turn a phrase, or deliver a barb of scathing criticism, to very good effect. But writing a novel is a very different thing. As Tagore intimates, it is a form of self-expression, of baring one’s soul.

This is why Bankim included from the very first edition of the novel, as an epigraph to the text, the following extract from Bhagavad Gı¯ta¯, chapter 12 (the embodiment of the Godhead, Krishna, is speaking): Those who are devoted to Me, who have offered up all their works to Me, Who worship Me with minds fixed, seeking no other way, I soon become their Deliverer, Partha—those whose minds abide in Me— From the ocean of repeated death. Fix your senses only on Me, set your mind on Me, Then most surely you will abide in Me.

Though Phadke went anyway, he arrived late; his mother had already died. Phadke’s sense of grievance against the British increased, and this was exacerbated by wider issues, such as the condition of the poor peasants in the Deccan and the dire straits to which many were reduced in the regional famine of 1876–1877. He held the British authorities accountable for these conditions, and before long began to speak out publicly against British rule. He argued that unless the British were expelled, by force if necessary, his compatriots would be unable to develop in the freedom to which they were entitled.

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