By Thierry Dutoit
This is the 1st e-book to regard parts of speech synthesis: ordinary language processing and the inherent difficulties it offers for speech synthesis; and electronic sign processing, with an emphasis at the concatenative method. The textual content publications the reader throughout the fabric in a step by step easy-to-follow approach. The publication could be of curiosity to researchers and scholars in phonetics and speech verbal exchange, in either academia and undefined.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to Text-to-Speech Synthesis (Text, Speech and Language Technology)
2. What is a TIS system? Intuitively, the ultimate goal of a text-to-speech (TIS) synthesizer is to read any text, whether it was directly introduced in the computer by an operator or scanned and submitted to an optical character recognition (OCR) system. Reading should be intelligible and natural. Let us try to be clear. There is a fundamental difference between the system we are about to discuss here and any other talking machine (as a cassette player, for example) in the sense that we are interested in the automatic production of new sentences.
26 AN INTRODUCTION TO TEXT- TO-SPEECH SYNTHESIS Moreover, sounds can be masked by oneanother. This psychoacoustical property of the human ear is examplified in Fig. 15, which shows how a narrow-band noise centered on 1 kHz locally elevates the first limen of audibility (the minimum acoustic power for a sine wave to be just-noticeable, as a function of frequency). Not only does any sound affect one's ability to hear, but its effect is related to its power in a nonlinear way (as shown again in the left panel of Fig.
5. The syntactic level Not all sequences of words from the lexicon of a language result in a correct sentence. Indeed, the list of permissible sentences, although infinite in natural languages, is restricted by their syntax. Syntax is not to be confused with the rules that are used to describe it, which are organized into grammars. Most words lose their individuality when dealt with by grammatical rules: only their part of speech category is examined. These are in tum defined as lists of words that are interchangeable for a given grammar.