American Philosophy: The Basics by Nancy Stanlick

By Nancy Stanlick

American Philosophy: The Basics introduces the historical past of yank notion from early Calvinists to the hot England Transcendentalists and from agreement conception to modern African American philosophy. the main query it asks is: what it's that makes American Philosophy targeted? This vigorous and compelling ebook strikes via key classes within the improvement of yankee notion from the founding fathers to the transcendentalists and pragmatists to modern social commentators. Readers are brought to:
* one of the most vital thinkers in American background together with Jonathan Edwards, Thomas Paine, Charles Sanders Pierce, Thomas Kuhn, Cornel West and lots of extra
* advancements in 5 key components of proposal: epistemology, metaphysics, faith and ethics, social philosophy, and political philosophy
* The contributions of yank ladies, African-Americans and local Americans.

Featuring feedback for extra analyzing and assuming no earlier wisdom of philosophy, this is often an excellent first creation for somebody learning or drawn to the historical past of yankee thought.

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29 30 THE ENLIGHTENMENT REVOLUTIONARIES Jefferson not only penned the document supporting freedom of and from religion, he lived the conclusion. He is not the only American to have looked with a skeptical eye on the Bible, but he is one of the few who took it upon himself actually to edit the Bible to make it read in a way he thought fully consistent with Christianity. Jefferson took sections of the Bible he held to be true, consistent, and fit for belief and put them into a volume of his own (The Jefferson Bible) that included only the sections of the Bible he thought indicative of true Christianity.

THE ENLIGHTENMENT REVOLUTIONARIES On the other hand, a virtue-theoretic or communitarian view is more amenable to believing that we cooperate with each other and live in communities because we are naturally social beings with obligations to each other to live in productive communities. Whether it is the communitarian or the liberal, social relations revolve around productivity and communities in which productivity may be fostered. For the community-minded, productive and peaceful communities are built and maintained by the activity of individuals who have developed human excellences (virtues) that are beneficial to the community.

That he used a method in which he alone set the goals and set the procedures indicates more than a hint of respect for Enlightenment reason. Revolutionary thinking covers science, religion, and ethics – and its influence in American politics affects the world. Understanding the thoughts and actions of the American revolutionary thinkers in this chapter is enhanced by understanding their intellectual heritage. American revolutionary thinkers used Enlightenment principles to argue against abuses of power and violations of rights perpetrated by the British government.

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