Agriculture and the Environment: Perspectives on Sustainable by Ernst Lutz

By Ernst Lutz

Agriculture in constructing international locations has been remarkably winning in the past few many years in allowing nutrients creation to maintain speed with the transforming into inhabitants. This luck has been completed partially on the rate of putting extra pressure on typical assets and the surroundings. As we glance to the long run, the necessity to proceed expanding nutrients construction, whereas while minimizing environmental damages, keeping the source base, and lowering poverty, hunge{, and malnutrition, poses a tremendous problem.

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Sample text

It helps if local organizations can be built on thnevestiges of indigenous rules and institutions and if the group as a whole has secure rights to own the resource. Successful examples include social forestry groups in India and rangeland management groups in parts of West Africa. The ownership and allocation of water continue to be dominated by the public sector, and a pernicious combination of bureaucratic ine:rtia, low water charges (including limited cost recovery), and subsidized electricity for pumping is responsible for considerable inefficiency in the use of water for agriculture as well as inappropriate water managementpractices that lead to polluted water and waterlogged and salinized land.

For example, the developmentof powerful pesticides and herbicides reduced costs and improved yields but often had negative effects on the environment and on long-term yields. A related problem is the spread of new technologies from the agroclimatic zones or farming systems for which they were developed to other, less-suitable areas where they may degrade resources. Too little consideration is given to the sustainabilityfeatures of recommended technologies, to broader aspects of natural resource management, and to the technology and management problems of more fragilerainfed areas whereresource degradation is considerable.

1995. Local Organizations for Natural Resource Management: Lessons from Theoretical and Empirical Literature. Environment and Production Technology Division Discussion Paper 11. : International Food Policy Research Institute. Repetto, Robert, William Magrath, Michael Wells, Christine Beer, and Fabrizio Rossini. 1989. Working Assets: Natural Resources in the National Income Accounts. : World Resources Institute. , and T. Sukmaraganda. 1992. " In P. Ool, G. Lim, T. Ho, P. Manalo, and J. , Integrated Pest Management in the Asia-Pacific Region.

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