Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2011: OECD by OECD

By OECD

For the 1st time, the tracking and review file of agricultural guidelines covers OECD member nations (including the hot contributors who joined in the course of 2010 Chile, Estonia, Israel and Slovenia) and chosen key rising economies: Brazil, China, Russia, South Africa and Ukraine. This version exhibits that, after a rise in 2009, manufacturer help within the OECD sector declined in 2010, confirming the downward development in help to farmers. the fad in rising economies exhibits a few elevate within the point of aid, even though it remains good less than the OECD typical. This file is a different resource of up to date estimates of help to agriculture and is complemented via person chapters on agricultural coverage advancements in all international locations coated within the document. facts for the calculations of help can be found on-line www.oecd.org/agriculture/PSET

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The folowing chapter will take an initial step towards exploiting this source of information by examining recent policy developments. Notes 1. OECD is currently undertaking reviews of agricultural policies in Indonesia and Kazakhstan, following which these two countries will be included in the regular monitoring of agricultural policies. 2. Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia, China and South Africa. 34 AGRICULTURAL POLICY MONITORING AND EVALUATION 2011 © OECD 2011 Agricultural Policy Monitoring and Evaluation 2011 OECD Countries and Emerging Economies © OECD 2011 PART I Chapter 2 Developments in Agricultural Policy and Support The key economic and market developments which provide the framework for the implementation of agricultural policies and related support to farming sector are analysed in the first part of this chapter.

In order to get supply and demand back into balance after a supply shock, prices therefore have to vary rather strongly, especially if stocks are low. Third, because production takes considerable time in agriculture, supply cannot respond much to price changes in the short term, though it can do so much more once the production cycle is completed. The resulting lagged supply response to price changes can cause cyclical adjustments that add an extra degree of variability to the markets concerned.

9%. 9% of global agricultural exports. In the case of other non-OECD developing countries, there has been a significant increase in imports coming from the BRIICS and in the share of trade that occurs with other non-BRIICS developing countries. 1% in 20 09. 9%. 3. 0 Source: UN ComTrade database. 1787/888932451965 These trends reflect changes in production and consumption shares across different commodities. The OECD/FAO AGLINK database shows how, across all major product categories, the share of world production accounted for by OECD countries has diminished.

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