By Dharam Ghai, Azizur Rahman Khan, Eddy Lee, Samir Radwan
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The other major flaw of these survey data is that they are based on a fixed sample of households that is changed only every five years. Since the sample is stratified by the size of landholdings, this procedure introduces a built-in bias towards stability in the distribution during each five-year period. This fact is not mentioned in published sources and onlv emerged during discussion with statisti- 36 Agrarian Systems and Rural Development clans responsible for the survey. This procedure implicitly assumes that there are no significant movements in the size distribution of holdings and hence begs the central question in the analysis of rural income distributions.
A priori, a shift to owner-operated units with a relatively narrow dispersion in farm sizes would be expected to enhance the capacity of the system to respond to market incentives more uniformly and hence permit growth without a sharp polarisation in income distribution. 7 for many other developing countries. 7 This narrow dispersion in farm sizes, with an upper limit of only three hectares, results in a striking homogeneity in production conditions. For example, there is a basic scale neutrality in factor proportions and productivity.
0 SizeofFann (chungbo) (1) No. of Households 1963 Table 2. 7 Distribution of Real Income by Size of Landholding, 1963 and 1975 ::s 1... 6" ~ ~ ~ s:: - ~ ~ ::s ~ ~ ""~ ~ ~ s·::s OQ :t. 2000 Fuel and Light 1963 weights from 1964 Farm Household Survey, 1964, Tables 1-54, p. 70. holds by size of landholding, 1963 ~ ~ ~ Q ~ 10 w Note The disaggregated rural cost of living index by commodity group (1963=100) was as follows: Food and Beverages 685; ~ Housing 5 99; Fuel and Light 533; Clothing 518; Miscellaneous items 4 72.