By Deborah G. Mayo, Rachelle D. Hollander
Discussions of technological know-how and values in threat administration have principally occupied with how values input into arguments approximately hazards, that's, problems with applicable hazard. in its place this quantity concentrates on how values input into accumulating, analyzing, speaking, and comparing the proof of hazards, that's, problems with the acceptability of proof of hazard. by way of targeting appropriate proof, this quantity avoids boundaries to growth. One barrier assumes that facts of threat is basically an issue of goal clinical information and for this reason uncontroversial. the opposite assumes that facts of possibility, being "just" an issue of values, isn't really amenable to reasoned critique. Denying either extremes, this quantity argues for a extra positive end: figuring out the interrelations of clinical and price concerns allows a severe scrutiny of probability exams and higher public deliberation approximately social offerings. The members, individual philosophers, coverage analysts, and ordinary and social scientists, examine environmental and clinical controversies, and assumptions underlying perspectives approximately hazard evaluation and the medical and statistical types utilized in threat administration.
Read Online or Download Acceptable Evidence: Science and Values in Risk Management (Environmental Ethics and Science Policy Series) PDF
Similar environmental policy books
The recent strength difficulty comes from the new intrusion of weather switch matters into power economics and geopolitics. worldwide warming abruptly unearths that the present evolution of the realm strength intake is on an unsustainable direction. This booklet explores fiscal and geopolitical tensions and reinforces how you can conquer the quandary.
First released in 1985. This e-book examines big range of how during which environmental deterioration, particularly soil erosion, could be considered and the implicit political decisions that frequently tell them. utilizing the context of constructing nations, the place the consequences are usually extra acute because of underdevelopment and climatic components, this paintings goals to check this resource of uncertainty and make particular the underlying assumptions within the debate approximately soil erosion.
Runner-up of 2007 Sprout Award given through the foreign reviews organization As a world society, we have to take motion not just to avoid the possibly catastrophic results of weather switch but additionally to evolve to the unavoidable results of weather swap already imposed at the global. equity in variation to weather switch seems to be on the demanding situations of making sure that coverage responses to weather switch don't position undue and unfair burdens on already susceptible populations.
How can environmental degradation be stopped? How can or not it's reversed? and the way can the wear already performed be repaired? The authors of this quantity argue two-pronged method is required: lowering call for for atmosphere items and providers and higher administration of them, coupled with a rise in provide via environmental recovery.
Additional info for Acceptable Evidence: Science and Values in Risk Management (Environmental Ethics and Science Policy Series)
Equally certain is that technology is a major driving force in shaping social values. Consider the impacts of the automobile on families, contraceptives on sexual mores, life-extending technologies on religious beliefs, and computers and informational banks on privacy. Like amplified hazards, value-threatening hazards are often not hidden, as the noisy conflicts over abortion, smoking, and motorcycle helmets make clear. Yet some technologies pose uncertain and dimly perceived threats to values, intermingled with substantial benefits.
Numerical risk estimates are used not only to balance risk benefits and to set standards but also, increasingly, to compare risks and distinguish between those that merit regulation and those that do not. The nascent technique of judgmental probability encoding represents a still newer application of quantitative methodologies to the evaluation of scientific uncertainty, in this case to measure the extent of subjectivity in expert judgments. Despite their growing popularity, however, all of these methodologies continue to generate lively technical and political controversy.
Studies on Developing Countries, no. 120. Budapest: Institute for World Economics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences. United Nations Environment Programme (1986). The State of the Environment, 1986: Environment and Health. Nairobi: United Nations Environment Programme. 28 PERCEIVING AND COMMUNICATING RISK EVIDENCE Viscusi, W. K. (1983). Risk by Choice: Regulating Health and Safety in the Workplace. : Harvard University Press. , and Edwards, W. (1984). Understanding Public Disputes About Risky Technologies.