A Shared World: Christians and Muslims in the Early Modern by Molly Greene

By Molly Greene

The following Molly Greene strikes past the adverse "Christian" as opposed to "Muslim" divide that has coloured many ancient interpretations of the early glossy Mediterranean, and divulges a society with a much richer set of cultural and social dynamics. She makes a speciality of Crete, which the Ottoman Empire wrested from Venetian keep watch over in 1669. Historians of Europe have ordinarily seen the victory as a watershed, the ultimate step within the Muslim conquest of the japanese Mediterranean and the obliteration of Crete's thriving Latin-based tradition. yet to what quantity did the conquest truly switch existence on Crete? Greene brings a brand new standpoint to endure in this episode, and at the japanese Mediterranean normally. She argues that no sharp divide separated the Venetian and Ottoman eras as the Cretans have been already a part of a global the place Latin Christians, Muslims, and jap Orthodox Christians were intermingling for a number of centuries, quite within the region of commerce.Greene additionally notes that the Ottoman conquest of Crete represented not just the extension of Muslim rule to an island that after belonged to a Christian energy, but in addition the strengthening of japanese Orthodoxy on the fee of Latin Christianity, and eventually the Orthodox reconquest of the jap Mediterranean. Greene concludes that regardless of their non secular changes, either the Venetian Republic and the Ottoman Empire represented the ancien rgime within the Mediterranean, which money owed for varied similarities among Venetian and Ottoman Crete. the real push for switch within the area might come later from Northern Europe.

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Extra resources for A Shared World: Christians and Muslims in the Early Modern Mediterranean (Jews, Christians, and Muslims from the Ancient to the Modern World) by Greene, Molly [2002]

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51 Even as the use of sailing ships for war increased elsewhere, galley warfare continued into the seventeenth century in the Mediterranean because any ship without oars was at the mercy of the unreliable winds of that sea. Much of the Cretan war consisted of Venetian galleys chasing Ottoman supply ships headed for Crete, trying to prevent them from provisioning their army. If they relied on sailing ships, they ran the risk of watching the Ottoman fleet go by, unmolested, while the Venetians ships remained idle due to lack of wind.

Ano. er. IS sum1anty IS per aps most dramatically evident in the question ofpiracy. Unlike the Aegean in the mid-sixteenth century, Ottoman victory in Crete did nothing to cleanse the seas of pirates. In 1604 the duke of Crete vented his rage and frustration at the pirate ships that had infested the waters around Crete: "These damn bertons wh~ch sail in these waters to their heart's content, stealing from and plunder~ng everyone, and not permitting even one caramousal, loaded with gram, to approach, as they used to.

Abdullah, Ali b. Abdullah, and other Muslims all from the village of Larani. Clearly, there were at least as many Muslims in Larani as Christians, and maybe even more. This very different demographic profile of the village would never be evident by considering the cizye survey alone. 37 The war, however, almost certainly took a heavy toll on two of the island's main export crops, olive oil and wine. " 38 Both vines and olive trees would need many years before they could start producing their fruits again.

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