Dictionary of Epidemiology, 5th Edition by Miquel Porta

By Miquel Porta

The hot, thoroughly revised, and up-to-date variation of this vintage textual content --sponsored via the foreign Epidemiological organization (IEA) and formerly edited by way of John Last-- continues to be the definitive dictionary in epidemiology all over the world. in reality, with contributions from over 220 epidemiologists and different clients of epidemiology from worldwide, it really is greater than a dictionary: it comprises motives and reviews on either center epidemiologic phrases and on different clinical phrases suitable to all execs in medical drugs and public healthiness, in addition to to execs within the different future health, existence, and social sciences. an individual looking readability on epidemiologic and methodological definitions very important to human health and wellbeing will locate it right here. at the eve of a box journey to a international land, a wellbeing and fitness scientist remarked that if he needed to restrict his specialist library to at least one quantity on epidemiology, this might be the e-book he would select.

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Additional resources for Dictionary of Epidemiology, 5th Edition

Example text

AMBIENT Surrounding; pertaining to the environment in which events are observed. AMES TEST A bioassay for mutagenesis, using bacteria as target, to detect and screen for potentially carcinogenic compounds. Developed from the early 1970s by Bruce Ames and colleagues at the University of California, Berkeley. See carcinogen. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) 6 ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE (ANOVA) A statistical technique that isolates and assesses the contribution of categorical independent variables to the variance of the mean of a continuous dependent variable.

BLOCKED RANDOMIZATION (Syn: restricted randomisation) A procedure used in a randomized controlled trial that helps achieve a similar number of subjects allocated to each group, often within defined baseline categories. For example, for allocation in two groups (A and B) in blocks of four, there are six variants: (1) A A B B; (2) A B A B; (3) A B B A; (4) B B A A; (5) B A B A; (6) B A A B. To create the allocation sequence, such blocks are used at random. As a result of this procedure, the number of subjects in two groups at any time differs by no more than half the block length.

Nothing is stated or inferred about the method; discussion and conclusions relate solely to the empirical relationships observed. 2. , amount of the drug eliminated, disease), without making detailed assumptions about the mechanisms that have contributed to the transformation of input to output within the organism (the “black box”). “BLACK-BOX EPIDEMIOLOGY” A common epidemiological approach, used both in research and in public health practice, in which the focus is on assessing putative causes 23 Bootstrap and clinical effects (beneficial or adverse) rather than the underlying biological mechanisms.

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