Dictionary of epidemiology by Miquel Porta

By Miquel Porta

The recent, thoroughly revised, and up to date version of this vintage textual content --sponsored via the foreign Epidemiological organization (IEA) and formerly edited by means of John Last-- continues to be the definitive dictionary in epidemiology around the globe. in truth, with contributions from over 220 epidemiologists and different clients of epidemiology from around the world, it really is greater than a dictionary: it contains causes and reviews on either middle epidemiologic phrases and on different medical phrases proper to all execs in scientific medication and public future health, in addition to to pros within the different health and wellbeing, existence, and social sciences. an individual looking readability on epidemiologic and methodological definitions vital to human healthiness will locate it right here. at the eve of a box journey to a international land, a health and wellbeing scientist remarked that if he needed to restrict his expert library to 1 quantity on epidemiology, this might be the publication he would select.

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ATTRIBUTABLE FRACTION (EXPOSED) [Syn: attributable proportion (exposed), attributable risk, etiological fraction (exposed), relative attributable risk]. With a given outcome, exposure factor, and population, the attributable fraction among the exposed is the proportion by which the incidence rate of the outcome among those exposed would be reduced if the exposure were eliminated. If there is no bias or confounding, it may be estimated by the formula AFe = Ie − Iu Ie where Ie is the incidence rate (proportion) among the exposed, Iu is the incidence rate (proportion) among the unexposed; or by the formula AFe = RR − 1 RR where RR is the rate ratio, Ie/ Iu.

AGE-SEX PYRAMID See population pyramid. AGE-SEX REGISTER A list of all clients or patients of a medical practice or service, classified by age (birthdate) and sex; it provides denominators for calculating age- and sex-specific rates. AGE-SPECIFIC FERTILITY RATE The number of live births occurring during a specified period to women of a specified age group divided by the number of person-years lived during that period by women of that age group. When an age-specific fertility rate is calculated for a calendar year, the number of live births to women of the specified age is usually divided by the midyear population of women of that age.

Box-and-whiskers plot 24 The difference between the average of the set of estimates and the original estimate is the bootstrap estimate of bias. 12 BOX-AND-WHISKERS PLOT (Syn: box plot, cat-and-whiskers plot) A graphical method of presenting the distribution of a variable measured on a numerical scale. The midpoint (or sometimes, the median) of the distribution is often represented by a horizontal line; the values above and below this line divided into quartiles by horizontal lines (the “hinges” of the box) are the two quartiles nearer the midpoint; values beyond the hinges are represented by lines (the “whiskers”) extending to the extreme value in each direction.

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